When I received the email notifying me about the Penn Reading Project, I was super impressed. The selection of Walter Isaacson’s “The Innovators” demonstrated Penn’s veneration towards technological innovation and seemed like an exciting way to both immerse myself in Penn’s culture of entrepreneurship and to learn more about the history of computer science.
Ignoring the annoyingly meticulous descriptions of the technology behind creating the modern computer and other innovations — what even is lambda calculus? — what I found particularly interesting about “The Innovators” was its emphasis on collaboration: how each innovator depended upon easy access to the workings of other innovators throughout the book.
Whether it was uniting people with different expertises, sharing ideas or simply being at a large research university like Penn — which was mentioned at least a dozen times — information was accessible for the innovators to share and collaborate and was the key to advancing computer science and creating the world we live in today.
Yet here I am, about to begin my four years at Penn, staring at my first hurdle towards accessing the same information as these innovators: the expensive costs of textbooks.
There’s an incongruity here. Penn lauds — more so than many other universities — the tech industry, where the access and sharing of information is free and easy to use by the public. At the same time, students are often required to buy expensive physical copies of textbooks. While I am just a freshman and do not know of any secret free-textbook sites, information should be free and accessible for every student on campus.
The culture within computer science has always been decidedly open-source, which is a technical term for reusing code in other programs for free. By being open-source, technology has been able to grow at an exponential rate.
Take GitHub as an example: According to the GitHub blog and , the open-source code repository was founded in 2008 and rose from a $750 million valuation in 2012 to a $2 billion valuation as of 2015 due to its increase in revenues and large user base. Its customers include tech giants Amazon, Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn, all of which rely on this free and public repository to quickly and easily share code and other information.
If Penn really wants to help its students achieve the success of entrepreneurs like and , whose companies rely on an open-source means of communication, it is imperative to ensure that campus communication is also an open-source system.
There are two ways to share academic information in the university setting: professor-to-student and student-to-student. Currently, buying physical textbooks is the more costly option for professors to share with students.
It would be more open and economical for professors to distribute online PDF versions of these textbooks to students — as opposed to students pirating them — or for the University to distribute these textbooks to students for free or at least offer massive discounts. The most efficient option would be no textbooks at all, but detailed course notes that bypass the need for textbooks in the first place.
After all, students do pay tuition to come to Penn, and having them pay for access to Penn’s basic resources is antithetical to open-source communication. With respect to student-to-student sharing, an emphasis on more student collaboration or academic support networks would also help promote a more open-source environment.
JACQUELYN SUSSMAN is a College freshman from Westport, Conn. Her email address is firstname.lastname@example.org. "The Objectivist" usually appears every other Wednesday.
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