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GREAT GAMES IN PENN HISTORY 1984:

(09/20/94 9:00am)

Call it 'The Miracle on 33rd Street'Call it 'The Miracle on 33rd Street'Penn captures Ivy championship on last-second kick Following a sequence of plays that will long be remembered for the emotions involved as much as for what actually happened on Franklin Field, Dave Shulman kicked a 27-yard field goal to give the Quakers a 23-21 win over Harvard and bring Penn its first Ivy League title since 1959. But to do it, the Quakers needed two plays when there was time for only one. With three seconds left, Shulman lined up for a 38-yard attempt which sailed wide to the left as time ran out. Harvard was ahead 21-20, and the Ivy League title appeared destined for Cambridge. Except that a yellow flag changed destiny. "The first time," a drained coach Jerry Berndt recalled of the field goal, "my heart was down in my toes. I said, 'Oh my Lord, we lost this ballgame.' Then all of a sudden I saw the flag out on the field -- it was incredible. It was an incredible feeling to see the flag, to see we still had a chance to win this game." It was incredible. Harvard was called for running into the kicker, penalized 10 yards, waited through Penn's final time out, and then could only watch as Shulman made his second chance count. "I didn't want to stay with the team [during the timeout]," the junior kicker said in a noisy, crowded locker room after the biggest Penn win in over two decades. "You don't want to get involved with the emotion of the team. You've got to stay away, keep your composure. You know, you're in your own world. You can't think about anything else. I mean, you start thinking about the stands, then you just lose your composure." It is not hard to see where composure could have been lost. With 13:19 left in the game, the Quakers opened up a 20-0 lead and were so completely in control of the game that the frenzied crowd of 34,746 had every reason to sense a championship. But Harvard came back to score three touchdowns in seven minutes, and the Quakers were suddenly fighting for their lives, trailing by a point. After giving up a crushing touchdown to Harvard on a fourth-and-goal from the three-yard line, the Quakers went through a sack, an injured quarterback, a deflected pass completion and back-to-back first downs before they could even set up the field goal chance. What happened in the last 1:24 was almost too unbelievable to comprehend while it was happening. "I'm a little disappointed at myself that I wasn't more enthusiastic and encouraging to the offense," junior defensive tackle Bill Lista admitted. "I was on the sidelines and I was pretty depressed that we had let them score [to take the 21-20 lead]. I don't know at that point if I believed that we were actually going to do it again. But I'll tell you, our offense, this is a team that doesn't quit, and I respect every one of those offensive players." The Quakers began their final drive at their own 20-yard line. Gary Vura (18 of 28, 199 yards) had to scramble out of the pocket for one yard. On the next play, he was sacked at the Penn 15. The Quakers had used 32 precious seconds to back up five yards. And then things got worse. Vura connected with wide receiver Rich Syrek for an 18-yard gain and a first down, but finished the play lying near his own end zone. As he was helped off the field, it looked like the Quakers were finally out of miracles. Fred Rafeedie came in to throw the ball out of bounds and stop the clock, with 24 seconds left. But with their backs to the ultimate wall, with the emotion level close to the bottom, the Quakers found a spark. Vura fired the ball over the middle for Warren Buehler at midfield. The ball and cornerback Chris Meyers hit Buehler at the same time, and the ball lost. But instead of falling to the ground, it popped into a trailing Syrek's hands for a 19-yard gain into Harvard territory, and somehow, some kind of chance seemed possible. Vura hit Buehler on the right side with 10 seconds left for 16 yards. And then he hit tailback Steve Flacco for 11 yards to the 21. And then Berndt pointed his finger at Shulman. The emotion surrounding the finish of the game was difficult to capture. After the first field goal, there was the stunned quiet of the crowd and the eruption of the Harvard bench. "They roughed the kicker," Berndt said, "but you don't know if that's going to be called or not. My emotions went from Mount Everest to the depths of the ocean to back to Mount Everest again." That second trip up Everest came when the penalty flag flew, and the crowd erupted while the Harvard bench took its turn being stunned. The Penn players formed a blue mass in the middle of the green field, which was quickly mixed with fans pouring out of the stands. The first casualty was the west goalpost, which was attacked, brought down, dragged to the Schuylkill River and drowned. The way the game started out, it looked like the Quakers were going to treat the Crimson the way the fans treated the post. After kicking off with the wind that was gusting over 20 mph, the Quaker defense did what it has done so many times this year. It took the ball away from the opponent. On Harvard's fourth play from scrimmage, halfback Steve Ernst ran up the middle and fumbled into the air. Ross Armstrong grabbed it at midfield and set the offense up at the Harvard 38. The Quakers got to a first-and-goal at the 10, but had to settle for Shulman's 27-yard field goal. The Quakers got a break on their next series when Harvard was offsides on a fourth-and-five punt. With Flacco picking his spots to make his cuts and then just carrying people downfield on his back, the Quakers got to the nine-yard line. On third down, Vura faked a hand-off going left, reversed to the right, and found John Vasturia all alone in the right corner of the end zone for a touchdown. It was the first catch of the year for the junior split end, and it came at a very opportunistic time. The Quakers took a 10-0 lead after the first quarter. Again the defense shut down Harvard, and again the offense moved the ball well the next time it got on the field. Vura directed a 15-play, 62-yard drive that took over six minutes. The only problem was that the drive started 63 yards from the end zone, so the Quakers turned the ball over on downs at the one-yard line. The half ended 10-0. "We were kind of down about that one touchdown," captain Chris DiMaria said about the goal-line failure, when asked about the mood at halftime. "We knew we should have had 17 points." Berndt calculated that the Quakers would be able to bury the Crimson with a quick start in the second half so he took a risk. He elected to kick off the second half, and take the wind in the third quarter. The first time the Quakers got the ball, they drove to the Harvard 8, but had to settle for another field goal to make it 13-0. You began to get the feeling that the offense should really be putting more points on the board, but the defense was still handcuffing Don Allard and the Harvard offense. The Crimson kept giving the Quakers chances, and Penn didn't score. At the Penn 36, Allard made a bad pitch to fullback Mike Granger, and the ball was batted 29 yards towards the Penn end zone. By the time Mike Okun recovered it and the refs tacked on 15 yards for Harvard's clipping, the Quakers got a first down on the Harvard 20. On second-and-goal from the five, Vura threw off-balance in the end zone and was intercepted by Joe Azelby. Harvard ran exactly one play before the defense took over again. Jerry McFadden recovered a fumble at the Harvard 28, and Flacco ran it in from the one, eight plays later. The Quakers finally scored to go up 20-0, and the game seemed out of reach. But Berndt likes to joke about the Quakers getting a percentage of the concessions because they have been known to keep the fans in their seats for 60 minutes. It was no joke on Saturday. The Crimson came back with three touchdowns in less times than it takes to say multiflex. Allard hit tight end Peter Quartararo from the three for the first score, and then the Quaker offense suddenly lapsed. When the first Penn punt of the day was partially blocked and went only 11 yards, the Crimson struck back again with a four-yard pass to Ernst. Trailing 20-14 and well into nailbiting time, Harvard got the ball back with 5:04 left. On second down from midfield, Allard threw along the right sideline for John O'Brien, who made a spectacular one-handed grab. The Crimson drove to the two-yard line with 2:12 left, and Penn stiffened. Kevin Bradley stopped Granger for a loss of two. Allard rolled right and was forced out of bounds at the three. Then Okun broke up a pass to O'Brien in the end zone, which set up a fourth-down situation. With Penn's defense getting its biggest chance to test its "we-bend-but-don't-break" philosophy, Allard rolled right, drew three defenders and pitched to Granger who went in untouched to give Harvard the lead. If there was any guarding of emotion in a locker room that was noticeably less crazy than could have been expected, it was possibly because the Quakers realize that the season is not over yet. Next week's game at Cornell was brought up by several players, who realize that the difference between an outright title and a tie is in their own hands. Either that, or the players were just drained. After all, making time stand still is no easy task.


A FRONT ROW VIEW: Give football the spotlight

(09/08/94 9:00am)

Ex-Penn captain Barry Pierce was invited to the NBA draft tryout camp in Chicago in June. Jerome Allen spent part of the summer in Russia, and later faked Phoenix star Kevin Johnson out of his jockstrap. Matt Maloney starred as he toured the world on the Foot Locker all-star team. The whole team will play at least one real game in the Palestra before the end of the football season. Unfortunately, as Penn has moved into the basketball mainstream, the sport has become a year-round affair. Why unfortunately? Well, for one, there is the Ivy champion, undefeated football team. A team in serious danger of being lost in the shuffle as Penn hoops takes over more and more of this University's athletic consciousness. At a time when our anticipation should be focused on September 17, when the football team begins its season hosting Lafayette, more of it is focused on November 16 and December 13 and -- I think there has been more talk about this day than any other -- January 14. On November 16, Canisius invades the Palestra for the preseason National Invitation Tournament. The Quakers and ESPN travel to Ann Arbor December 13 to take on what's left of the Fab Five. And on January 14, Penn will attempt to avenge its defeat in the NCAA tournament two years ago, against UMass, in Amherst, also on ESPN. Meanwhile, the football team's game against weak Richmond became a game against a sorry Hofstra team and then a game against unregarded St. Mary's (Calif.) and then a week off to prepare for even less-regarded Holy Cross. It's understandable in light of these facts why everyone wants to talk about basketball. It isn't, however, right. The football team has, at the least, earned the right to be a topic of sporting conversation. It isn't like the Quakers went 2-8, after all. And it isn't like they don't have two of the top offensive players in I-AA. Penn is in its own right a very interesting team, with questions abounding. Who will replace Penn's all-time leading passer? Will it be the sophomore third baseman, the sophomore who was part of the Ivy League's first all-freshman scoring play, or the junior behind those two last season? That's just the beginning. There are big holes to fill on special teams (kicker) and defense (defensive end, safety and linebacker). Of course, the QB question isn't really all that important. All a Penn QB has to do is hand off to Terrance Stokes and throw to Miles Macik. But even these guys have some questions to answer. If Stokes rushes for a few more yards than last year's 1,211 he has a chance to surpass Brian Keys' Penn career record of 3,137. Stokes needs 1,313; Keys' single-season record is 1,302. Possible, but doubtful. Macik needs 49 catches to pass Don Clune, who has 121. That shouldn't be a problem considering he has two years to do it. Macik had 72 last year. He's got some work to do, though, if he wants to break other Penn career records. Clune's record of 2,419 receiving yards is attainable. Macik had 840 yards on 72 catches last year. If Macik matches his 13-touchdown pace for the next two years, he will set the all-time TD record, too. Both of those are going to be pretty tough. People should be talking, though. These are big, long-standing records being threatened. And if there's only a nine-game season this year, you can forget about it. People should be talking about that too. But they're not. It's early, and there's still almost two weeks until the season actually starts. As the season moves along, it's likely people will climb on the bandwagon and pour into Franklin Field like last year. Until then, though, does anybody know the number for the UMass or Michigan ticket offices? Luke DeCock is a College junior from Evanston, Ill., and a sports writer for The Daily Pennsylvanian.


O'Neill reign begins with 1-6 Ivy Season

(06/30/94 9:00am)

Sidwell Friends School '92 Chevy Chase, Md. O'Neill was later named the team's permanent coach. An Ivy League championship wasn't in the plans for the Quakers (1-6 Ivy League, 5-10 overall) as the season got under way, but substantial improvement over the previous season's 1-6 league record was, they felt, a realistic goal. A 4-2 victory over Philadelphia Textile in the fourth game of the season, in which Penn completely outplayed the 14th-ranked team in the nation on the road, served only to increase the feeling that the Quakers were a solid team that had the potential to win just about every game on the schedule. As it turned out, however, that game was little more than an anomaly. The true early-season indication of how things were going to progress was the prior game, the Ivy League opener versus Cornell. In that game Penn blew several golden opportunities to score, while on the other side of the ball mental lapses led to defensive breakdowns that allowed a sluggish Big Red squad to slip in for the two goals that gave them the 2-0 win. The Quakers felt their level of play was well below what it could have been. "Right now everyone's frustrated and disappointed in the team and in themselves because we all let down," senior forward Kossouth Bradford said after the game. That game set the stage for a season of frustration in which more often than not the offense or defense, if not both, were out of sync. The only redeeming quality about the Quakers' losses was that none of them was due to a lack of effort. Penn was just too prone to making mistakes on both sides of the ball. "There were way too many times when people on the field didn't do what they were supposed to be doing," Penn assistant coach Brian Kammersgaard said. "We gave up too many goals due to the way people missed assignments. Our performances against Textile and Brown showed us we can do the job defensively. We just didn't do it on a consistent basis." Offensively as well, the Quakers' play was less efficient than it could have been. Nothing frustrates a team as much as blowing scoring opportunities, but that is exactly what Penn made a habit of doing throughout the season. "The forwards who were playing did not take advantage of their scoring chances," sophomore forward Pat Larco said. "With myself, I can remember millions of times where I could have scored but I just mishit the ball or wasn't even able to get a shot off. You can't win games playing like that." The breakdowns on both sides of the ball were all the more frustrating due to the fact that they often spoiled games in which Penn appeared very capable of competing. When the Quakers were able to avoid errors, as in their 1-0 win over 19th-ranked Brown, their overall level of play was able to carry them to victory. But games like that one were not the norm -- for the most part the Quakers were unable to play on a consistently high level throughout games.


Bilsky is new AD

(06/30/94 9:00am)

W.C. Mepham High School '91 Bellmore, N.Y. Bilsky, who will remain as George Washington AD until July 1, was named to the same post at Penn at a press conference February 28. Bilsky, 44, graduated from Wharton in 1971, and played on three basketball teams. His senior season the Quakers were undefeated until a loss in the Eastern Regional final to Villanova. Published reports placed Bilsky's salary between $100,000 and $200,000 per year, along with a country club membership, use of a car and free education at Penn for his two children. The total value of the deal is estimated at $1.75 million over seven years. Standing on the spot of one of the most important shots in Penn basketball history, Bilsky remembered what happened on a glorious day at the Palestra January 5, 1969. Villanova was nationally ranked. Penn decided to hold onto the ball, milking the clock at every opportunity during the contest. The old scoreboard at the Palestra showed the score knotted at 30, and the ball found its way into Penn's hands for the the final shot. Bilsky, freed by a pick, shot the ball. Swish. "From that night on, nobody thought of it as the Big 4 and Penn -- it was the Big 5," Bilsky said. A generation after his buzzer-beater, Bilsky was again on top of the world.


Bilsky is new AD

(06/30/94 9:00am)

W.C. Mepham High School '91 Bellmore, N.Y. Bilsky, who will remain as George Washington athletic director until July 1, was named to the same post at Penn at a press conference February 28 at the Palestra. Bilsky, 44, graduated from Wharton in 1971, and played on three Quaker basketball teams. His senior season, the Quakers were undefeated until a loss in the NCAA tournament Eastern Regional final to Villanova. Published reports placed Bilsky's salary between $100,000 and $200,000 per year, along with a country club membership, use of a car and free education at Penn for his two children. The total value of the deal is estimated at $1.75 million over a seven-year period. Standing on the spot of one of the most important shots in Penn basketball history, Bilsky, a 1988 Big 5 Hall of Fame inductee, remembered what happened on a glorious day at the Palestra January 5, 1969. "We had played Villanova in a time when the basic feeling in Philadelphia was that there were four good schools and Penn," Bilsky said. "We changed that around quickly on that night." The Wildcats were nationally ranked and a daunting opponent. So Penn decided to hold onto the ball, and milk the clock at every opportunity throughout the contest. The old scoreboard at the Palestra showed the score knotted at 30, and the ball found its way into Penn's hands for the the final shot. Bilsky, freed by a pick, shot the ball. Swish. "People poured out of the stands," he said. "And from that night on, nobody thought of it as the Big 4 and Penn -- it was the Big 5." A generation after his buzzer-beater against 'Nova, Steve Bilsky was again on top of the world.


U. spends $24,000 on race summit for student leaders

(06/30/94 9:00am)

Glen Rock High School '93 Glen Rock, N.J. Last January, 60 student leaders came together to discuss race relations on campus and to create a one year plan to ease racial tensions. But some have questioned the summit's success, since a one year plan was never formulated and several student leaders say the conference itself was riddled with division and difficulties. Before the summit, organizers and participants alike were enthusiastic about attempting to make a dent in the University's recent problems with race relations. "We have to take into consideration how important our position [as student leaders] is," co-organizer and College senior Jessica Mennella said. "We can come up with a plan so we are all comfortable here." But two months after the conference, students who were involved had mixed feelings about the summit. "We thought other people would spread the message, but that's been a lot smaller than we thought," co-organizer and Wharton senior Lawrence Berger said. Nine working groups were established to discuss and work on issues ranging from the Revlon Center and social get-togethers to diversified group projects and a required class on racism. A social party with the theme of "Culture Shock" was sponsored by forum participants in April. Over 200 people came to the party, held at Chestnut Cabaret on 39th and Chestnut streets. The party cost the University $2,500. Some participants said they were unable to speak their minds during the conference and had to worry about what other attendees would think. "One of the participants disrupted and undermined the conference," College junior and Undergraduate Assembly member Dan Schorr said. Schorr, a former Daily Pennsylvanian columnist, wrote a column earlier in the year about the summit and its problems. "A lot of people, including myself, felt that students had a right to know why the summit they had paid for was not as successful as it could have been," he said. But others felt the column breached the confidentiality of the summit and prevented any kind of real progress. Some student leaders said the conference was a success in that student leaders were able to get together and talk about race relations for the first time. But many agreed the summit was not worth the $24,000 price tag. "I question whether it was necessary to travel out to Sugarloaf to deal with these issues," said College junior Stephen Houghton, co-chairperson of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Alliance and former DP columnist. "I loved the food and my T-shirt, but I'd rather see something more come out of the money that was spent."


Offices trade campus locations

(06/30/94 9:00am)

Glen Rock High School '93 Glen Rock, New Jersey The College of Arts and Sciences and the Vice Provost for University Life offices will change places this fall as the College moves into Houston Hall and the VPUL offices go to the Mellon Bank Building. The College offices, currently located on the mezzanine level of the Mellon Building, will move into suite 200 of Houston Hall, where the VPUL offices are currently located. The VPUL offices will move into the College's current location. Student leaders and administrators in the Office of Student Life, Activities, and Facilities are worried about the move, and concerned it might disturb student office and meeting space. Though that space is remaining in tact, OSL Director Francine Walker said "tradeoffs" will be involved in the move. "I am sorry that the VPUL is going to move," she said. "I think they add something very important to the building." The other problem will occur during the summer transitional period. Until that move happens, the College will use the Houston Hall Bowl Room for additional space. The lounge currently houses a large screen television and several art displays, along with general lounge space. "Those activities in the Bowl Room will either have to be put someplace else or temporarily suspended," Walker said. Acting Vice Provost for University Life Valarie Swain-Cade McCoullum said renovations to the current VPUL office are needed before the College can move. The VPUL offices will probably move temporarily to 3609-11 Locust Walk, the other vacant location on the Walk, she added. "Because so many students use the College office now, the VPUL will be the one to move temporarily," McCoullum said. She added that the moves are beneficial to both the College and the VPUL. "The SAS deserves a campus area," outgoing SAS Dean Matthew Santirocco said. "With Logan Hall, Williams Hall, College Hall, and now Houston Hall, it will be appropriate that the SAS be located in its own precinct." McCoullum said the VPUL move is part of the plans for a "Revlon precinct" with the long-awaited Revlon Center playing a central role. "We want to create a new, livelier north campus," she said. "The Houston Hall Board, VPUL representatives, and College representatives made the decision," she said. "I'm glad that students participated and that one way or another, a decision has been made." If all goes according to plan, the moves should be completed by the fall, McCoullum said.


Students upset by harassing incidents

(06/30/94 9:00am)

Fox Chapel Area High School '93 Pittsburgh, PA African American residents of W.E.B. DuBois College House and Jewish students living in Cleeman, a dormitory in the Community House section of the Quadrangle, found common ground in the experience of harassment this year. Students were the target of harassing phone calls and bomb threats in DuBois, and students found swastikas taped to a fire door in Cleeman. On the University's campus, where the issues of student self-segregation, free speech and civility arouse strong feelings, such demonstrations of hatred and intolerance indicate the existence of racial tensions, but not pervasive racism, according to visiting Sociology Professor Paul Root Wolpe. "There is an enormous focus on identities which divide us, rather than commonalities which unite us," the University alumnus said. "You're always going to have people who exploit that climate to express their own biases." In a series of events which outraged the University community last October, anonymous bomb threats and racially-motivated harassing phone calls were received at DuBois, forcing an evacuation of the building. "We consider this extremely serious, and we've taken steps to increase the structural and personal safety of the people in the dorm," University Police Commissioner John Kuprevich said at the time. These steps included a "short-term" ban on non-residents in the building, unless signed in by a resident, a policy instituted by DuBois House staff. However, this procedure remained in effect through the fall and spring semesters. College senior Nicole Brittingham, former editor-in-chief of the African American campus newspaper The Vision, characterized the calls as "scary," saying they made campus feel "very threatening." After the first threats were phoned into DuBois, students living in Stouffer College House, Van Pelt College House, Graduate Tower A and an off-campus house at 40th and Locust streets also received harassing calls. Call recipients urged students, regardless of race, to stand together in opposition to the incidents. The perpetrators, however, were not caught. In late March, two DuBois residents were again victims of anonymous calls threatening that "the niggers are going to die tonight." At about the same time, signs saying "The Jewish God Eats Human Shit" and paper swastikas appeared repeatedly, taped to a fire door in Cleeman in the Quad. Community House residents were nauseated and disturbed by the discoveries, which were followed by bomb threats to both Hillel and Lubavitch House. "It makes students more insecure because they have no idea where the threats are coming from," said Nursing freshman Bonnie Sherman. "You should be able to feel safe where you live," agreed Wharton senior Dave Schlosser, the resident advisor on duty during the incidents. Black Student League President Robyn Kent, a College junior, characterized the appearance of swastikas in the Quad as "disheartening and tragic." "It's as if nothing was learned from October," she said. "I see the two incidents as being related. It just goes to show that Penn isn't immune to what goes on in the larger society." Rabbi Howard Alpert, executive director of Penn Hillel, said the harassment did not affect the daily lives of Jewish students on campus. Nevertheless, Interim Director of Victim Support Barbara Cassel urged the University community to respond in a unified manner. Wolpe dismissed the idea that mandatory racial sensitivity classes would prevent future harassing behavior. "Racial tolerance grows through daily interaction and honest dialogue," he said. Acting Vice Provost for University Life Valarie Swain-Cade McCoullum encouraged this type of dialogue about the episodes which affected the campus this year, despite its paradoxical effect. "It both builds and breaks the ties between people," she said. "That's the sad thing."


BRIEF:

(04/13/94 9:00am)

Supreme Court justice to speak Associate U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia is speaking at the University Museum today. Sponsored by the Institute for Law and Economics at the University, Scalia's speech is open to all members of the University community. The lecture will be held at the Harrison Auditorium in the museum at 4:30 p.m. There is no charge for admission. -- Andrew Rafalaf Greek awards will be given out The banquet -- which will include, for the first time, a sit down dinner -- is held every year to acknowledge the accomplishments of fraternities and sororities and to recognize significant philanthropy projects. The banquet is also one of the few events which brings together members of the Interfraternity Council, the Panhellenic Council, the Bicultural InterGreek Council and the Greek Alumni Council, along with Office of Fraternity and Sorority Affairs officials. "I'm really excited for the Greek Awards Banquet," Panhellenic Council President and College junior Suzanne Rosenberg said last night. "It's a good time for the Greek community to come together and applaud its accomplishments." -- Gregory Montanaro


OPINION: SPEAK FOR YOURSELF: Women's Center: Valuable Resource or PC Token?

(02/23/94 10:00am)

Don't be Afraid To Call yourself A Feminist In her 1991 bestseller, Backlash, Susan Faludi discusses the New Right's strategy for attacking the feminist agenda. She writes: "In time-honored fashion, antifeminist male leaders had enlisted women to handle the heavy lifting in the campaign against their own rights." I did not want to write this column. I did not want to allow the media to continue to frame the debate over the Women's Center's move to Locust Walk as one between opposing groups of women. It's difficult for me to address the assertions of people who have never been to the Penn Women's Center. I'm sorry that they believe that if they went to the PWC, they'd be unwelcome. I'm sorry that the antifeminists on this campus have convinced them that if they opened the door to 119 Houston Hall, they'd be assaulted by the 50 militant radicals who are holed up there. Perhaps they feel that the PWC is a feminist organization and they have no use for feminism. Perhaps they've never felt unsafe on this campus at night and never known anyone who was sexually assaulted. Perhaps they plan on living their lives without learning the phrases "sexual harassment" or "pay gap." In their world, feminism must seem pretty outdated. Or perhaps they think they'll be safer if they don't identify themselves with "radicals", that the misogynist backlash on this campus will only hurt them if they call themselves "feminists." So, they're willing to give up using the Women's Center as a resource because other people have led them to believe that it addresses issues only from the "radical" point of view of the 50 scary women we've heard so much about in the press. I have no idea where this magic number came from. Clearly, it did not come from the PWC's annual report, since that report documents that 178 people were served by the PWC's one-on-one counseling and advocacy service alone, last year. Clearly, it did not come from the number of undergraduate women, 250, who actively participate in "feminist" organizations. If they chose never to walk into the Women's Center, that's fine with me. But if the time comes that they need counseling, advocacy, or support on any issue, the PWC will be there for them. And they will be welcomed. The counseling and advocacy that is the day to day work of the PWC is not the kind of activity that makes headlines. The Women's Center respects the privacy of the groups and individuals with which it deals and does not attempt to promote itself in the media. This has allowed those in the antifeminist backlash to define what the PWC is and what it does. In moving to 3643 Locust Walk, the PWC moves from a closet-sized space in Houston Hall to the center of campus. In many ways, bringing women to the center of campus is what the PWC has always been about. That is why its relocation is so frightening to those who would keep women "in their place". That is why those very same people want women to believe that the Women's Center has not adequately represented our interests. If you have been convinced of this, I would urge you to make your feelings known, not just through the voices of DP reporters, but directly to the Women's Center staff. You will not be asked for your religion or your political affiliation when you walk in the door. You do not have to call yourself a feminist to have your voice heard. I urge you to put aside what campus antifeminists have told you and come and judge for yourself. Here are the PWC's issues of concern, listed alphabetically (These are listed in the informational brochure, available on the coffee table next to the entrance door of the Women's Center, in case you are brave enough to venture there.): Acquaintance rape, AIDS, Assertiveness, Child Care, Disability rights, Economics, Educational equity, Health, International Women's issues, Lesbian and bisexual concerns/homophobia, Racial harassment/racism, Relationships, Reproductive health, Safety and security, Sexual harassment/sexism, Tenure, Violence against women, Women and athletics, and Worker rights and responsibilities. Campus antifeminists didn't want you to see this list. They wanted to scare you away from even walking in to pick it up. Debra Pickett is a junior English major from Franklin Township, New Jersey. She is a former DP columnist and member of the Penn Women's Alliance leadership team.


Leveling The Playing Field

(02/10/94 10:00am)

It was March 1993 and the women coaches at the University felt it was time to take action. "I think the women coaches have a number of issues they have been dealing with individually in their programs," Penn Senior Associate Athletic Director Carolyn Schlie-Femovich said. "[They] collectively got together and sent us a really clear message about what they felt was important. Definitely, salary equity was top on their list. They wanted to make sure they were compensated in an equitable fashion." Schlie-Femovich said, however, they did not threaten to sue. "I hope it wouldn't get to that point," she said. "But I think they're keeping our feet to the fire to make sure that we're moving as quickly as possible." Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 requires equal opportunities for the under-represented sex in academic programs with federal funding, which predominantly applies to women. "You achieve gender equity when the coach or athlete in one program would gladly trade places with a coach or athlete in a comparable other-sex program," Schlie-Femovich said. "So if it's a male tennis player, he would gladly trade places with a women's tennis player. If it's a female soccer player, she would trade places with a male soccer player." Taken word for word from the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but limited to education, Section 901 of Title IX reads: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." Litigation concerning women's intercollegiate athletics based on Title IX began in the late 1970s with little success. Athletic Departments successfully argued that because they do not directly get federal funding, the law should not apply to them. But after the Civil Rights Act of 1987, the courts took an institutional approach, ruling that all programs or activities within a university receiving Federal funds, regardless of whether or not the individual department directly receives those funds, comes under the jurisdiction of Title IX. The result has been a glut of cases springing up throughout the nation, with many universities settling disputes out of court. In May 1991, Brown University decided to drop its women's gymnastics and volleyball programs, along with men's golf and water polo. In April 1992, the two women's teams filed a class-action lawsuit, alleging gender discrimination in violation of Title IX. Brown decided to engage in a costly legal battle. In December, Senior U.S. District Judge Raymond J. Pettine issued a preliminary injunction, ordering Brown to re-establish the two teams and not cut any other women's squads. Brown appealed, but the First Circuit court agreed with the ruling. The case will go to trial next month. Cornell University took the opposite approach, reinstating its women's gymnastics and fencing teams rather than spending a fortune in legal costs to defend itself against gender-based discrimination claims. The two cases, as well as many others, deal primarily with participation rates, defined as the male-to-female ratio of athletes compared to the percentage of men and women in the university's general population. At Penn, 57 percent of the student body is male and 43 percent female, while athletes are 68 percent male and 32 percent female. Of the 30 varsity sports, 16 are for men, 14 for women. The 11-percent disparity between the University as a whole and the athletic teams in itself is not a violation of Title IX. As long as the University shows growth in women's participation and a willingness to grant new teams to women displaying a genuine interest, the University is in compliance, Schlie-Femovich said. That was the case two years ago when women's soccer was promoted from club status to a varsity sport. Last month, the head coaching position, which had been part-time, was made full-time. "In women's soccer we had a demonstrated interest by the athletes," Schlie-Femovich said. "Over a period of years as a club program they showed their interest and commitment. We heard through admissions there was a lot of inquiry about women's soccer. We ultimately added it. By law, that's something we should have done." She added that if a university has shown a history of willingness to cooperate in making participation rate more reflective of the university's population, then they are in compliance with Title IX. "We're not equal on our numbers here at Penn, but we've shown that history, and we're certainly not turning anybody away," Schlie-Femovich said. Title IX also protects a women's team from being cut if the participation rate in all athletics for women is less than the percentage of women students at the university. "Because Cornell had fewer women's participation opportunities on the whole than they had for men, they agreed to put them back before it came to court," Schlie-Femovich said. "Brown went to court where they lost the case involving gymnastics, and then was told they had to restore the program. It's still being appealed, interestingly enough. That's why the participation opportunity seems to be a big catch point right now, a very hot topic." The hot topic at the University is salary equity, which is based on Title VII. As in any other workplace, many women coaches are concerned that their salaries may not be at the same level as their male counterparts -- even though they feel they perform the same work. Schlie-Femovich said the University is addressing the inequity issue. "We're in the midst of a thorough compensation review, addressing all of our full-time coaching positions to make sure that we have a system [which is] fair and equitable," she said. One setback in gender equity involving salaries occurred in January, when a federal appeals court refused to hear the sex discrimination case against former Penn women's basketball coach Marianne Stanley. Stanley sued the University of Southern California because the salary offered by USC Athletic Director Mike Garrett was below that of men's coach George Raveling. Stanley had a higher winning percentage than Raveling, but Raveling was being paid more and had several perks in addition to his base salary. Judge Arthur Alarcon ruled in favor of USC, citing "significant differences in job pressure, the level of responsibility, and in marketing and revenue-producing qualifications and performance." The ruling left many outraged. Penn women's basketball coach Julie Soriero said if expected revenue or fan attendance figures are not spelled out in the coaches' contracts, then they should be paid equal pay for equal work. "As a women's basketball coach, there is a reality out there that says we don't generate a billion dollars from our NCAA tournament, but then that should be a very clearly defined job expectation for men," she said. "If there's no actual spelled-out difference then they're doing the exact same work, [and] there shouldn't be a difference in their salaries." In addition to program cuts and salary disputes, scholarships and the disproportionate amount of spending on men have received a great deal of attention. But while those issues have received the bulk of the attention, coaches at the University and across the nation are fighting for other, less-obvious things as well. "[We] looked at things, like how we handled equipment, how we assigned fields, access to weight rooms, how trainers get assigned, secretarial support, and have been working on addressing a number of those issues to put us more in line with where we think we need to be," Schlie-Femovich said. She added that the Athletic Department has identified a special pool of dollars for women coaches to draw from for special recruiting needs if their dollars are not sufficient for their program. "There are some inequities that exist at Penn and I think the administration has made some attempt to examine them and in some cases to rectify them," Soriero said. "There are still inequities that exist, and there's probably still things that need to be changed." Schlie-Femovich said achieving gender equity is a difficult and complicated issue that is continually evolving. "Gender equity is something you're always working on and striving toward because we're in a very dynamic environment where things change constantly," Schlie-Femovich said. "I think we are certainly doing the right things to move us in the right direction."


COLUMN: 898MELT: A Beacon of Light in a World of Despair

(02/03/94 10:00am)

From Corin Brown's "The Ugly Stick Chronicles," Fall '94 From Corin Brown's "The Ugly Stick Chronicles," Fall '94Wednesday, January 20, 1994. 2:47 P.M. Light snow, getting heavier.From Corin Brown's "The Ugly Stick Chronicles," Fall '94Wednesday, January 20, 1994. 2:47 P.M. Light snow, getting heavier.My Comp Lit professor is wrapping up her lecture as most of the class is rudely and hastily making their way to the door, as Penn students are wont to do. So, like Mongo in Mel Brooks' Blazing Saddles, I break through the shackles of my classroom as I pass through its door. As I start down the basement hallway of Williams Hall, located somewhere near the Earth's inner crust, I start to think about my next class and which sickeningly flattering compliments I can pay my brain dead TA for a decent grade. But also part of my in-transit, pre-class thought process is the quick and usually cursory computation of the no-class possibility, due to either professor absence, inclement weather, or, more likely, my desire just not do go. I begin this evaluation as I bound up the stairs from the subterranean levels of Williams Hall to the Earth's atmosphere at ground level while simultaneously zipping up my jacket and yanking on my gloves. And as I stand in the atrium between Williams Hall and Logan Hall, these conditions become explicitly apparent to me. Five degrees Fahrenheit, negative 25 degrees wind chill, snow (getting heavier) and glacial formations up and down Locust Walk. Do I dare risk life and limb by trucking down through the frozen West Philadelphia tundra in near blizzard conditions to DRL so that I can bury my nose in the very ample butt of my nausea-inducing, lard ass calculus TA? No fucking way! Sink or Swim or Die! I put my head down against the gale and tenderfoot my way home towards Super Block on top of the eighth geological wonder of the world -- The Locust Glacier. As I concentrate on my ginger gait from 36th street to 39th street, on Locust Glacier, I overhear morsels of rumor and conjecture from fellow glacier pedestrians about the one thing in the world that could top my baited anticipation of Sink or Swim. No classes Thursday! What could be better than a free day Thursday to replenish the body's fluids and minerals after it has oxidized all the toxins sucked down from 9 to 12 the previous evening? (Sorry Gatorade). I effectively grasp this possibility as I ride my glacier down Locust Walk past the compass on 37th street. (There will certainly be no drinking 40's with my buds at the Phi Cafe, this subarctic afternoon.) By the time I successfully rappel up and down the 38th street bridge and maneuver my way into Super Block, I acquire from my fellow foul-weather rogues a new nugget of no-class-tomorrow hope to cling to. . . In weather that would ordinarily drive a college campus into collective TV watching hibernation, the University campus is virtually electric with news of the mere possibility of classes being cancelled Thursday. 898-MELT. 898-MELT. We love you. As I sprint up the stairs to my room, itching to speed-dial 573-MELT until my cuticles bleed (oops, sorry Paulina, I meant 898-MELT) I remark to myself that I don't remember this campus being as abuzz with anxiety and anticipation since Don King (he of the beach raking hairdo) came to preach business ethics at Wharton. But that is how we are. 898-MELT is all we care about. 898-MELT is all anyone is talking about. Screw Fagin. Screw race relations. Screw water buffaloes. Screw diversity on the walk. Screw all that crap.Give us our 898-MELT! Give us our snow days! No one really cares what goes on behind the scenes at this school, as long as the 898-MELT hotline is up and running. Take the speech code, take the JIO, take our hot water (well wait a minute, why don't we hold on to that for now), just give us our 898-MELT! I dial 898-MELT nine times. Busy. Godammit! There must be more students calling 898-MELT right now than there are students calling PARIS at 11:59 P.M. on the last day of drop-add. I search for consolation by figuring the volume on the 898-MELT line will die down by the time Beverly Hills, 90210 rolls around on FOX. But if those porkers can inhale microwave popcorn by the baleful while watching E.T.-esque Donna tease the shit out of big Dave Silver, why can't they hit the redial button, at the same time, until they are blue in the face? Oh well. I redial some more. Bingo! No classes Thursday! Off to the Races! Thank you 898-MELT! Thursday, January 21, 1994. 1:21 P.M. Six inches of snow on the ground and counting. I rub the cigarette film from my eyes. By all respects I should be "Keith Richards" -- hungover -- but instead I feel warm and fuzzy inside. No school today. I feel like I felt when my elementary school was called for snow, except now I am not hustling to go frolic in the new fallen snow. I decide to remain in bed indefinitely. (Like I have a choice.) But just before I nod off, I see my phone next to my bed and consider the quality time we've spent together over the last 18 hours. As if to wake my phone up from a long night's rest after a long day's work, I decide to see if its redial still works. 898-MELT. Sure enough it works. And on the seventh redial I get through. . . ". . . classes for Friday, January 22 are cancelled. . ." Orgasm. After receiving the joyous news, I try to fathom what sort of volume 898-MELT will receive today. Then I think of poor Judith Rodin, our next President, and the Ivy League's first woman President. Surely a special person. She's coming to town, to visit the school, and not one student gives a rat's ass. Not one. We're too busy dialing 898-MELT. Corin Brown is a junior Political Science major from Newton, Massachusetts. The Ugly Stick Chronicles appears alternate Thursdays.


Football supplement: Defense has solid nucleus returning

(11/08/93 10:00am)

The bigger they are, the harder they fall. Maybe for trees. When the subject turns to defensive players, a different maxim usually holds true – the bigger they are, the harder they hit. Yet, last year's small Quaker defense limited opponents to 14.4 points per game and registered two shutouts. Penn paced the Ivy League in scoring defense, total defense, and passing defense. Defensive coordinator Michael Toop cites Johnson as an illustration of the Quakers' ability to compensate for size. "[Johnson] has an absolutely tremendous work ethic," Toop said. "He is relentless. He had performed extremely well on high school films, but because of his size people backed off him. He is a kid who has always been told that he is too small. I think that no question his burning desire to succeed is because people have told him that he is not big enough. He is extremely strong, one of our strongest kids on the team. He moves extremely well. I wouldn't trade him for anybody – well maybe Reggie White." Next to Johnson on either side will be seniors Wayne Droesser and Kelly Tolton. Betten and junior Michael "Pup" Turner, who combined for 20 sacks last season, will start at the two defensive ends in the Quakers '5-2' scheme. On almost every play, either Turner or Betten will drop back into a linebacker position. The quarterback, however, does not know which one is retreating and which one is rushing until the play begins. "The whole object is that we want the quarterback to recognize the defense after the snap as opposed to prior to the snap," Toop said. Two faces from the Penn linebacking corps will definitely be recognized by Ivy quarterbacks – junior Pat Goodwillie and senior Andy Berlin. Goodwillie was in hot pursuit last season more often than anybody since The Dukes of Hazzard's Roscoe P. Coltrane. Unlike Roscoe, Goodwillie usually caught his man. The Ivy League Sophomore of the Year racked up 127 tackles, and the scary part is he didn't feel comfortable with the new defensive scheme early in the season. "Last year I personally did not have a clue at the beginning of the season what was going on," Goodwillie said. "Slowly as the season developed, we got more into the plays." Berlin recovered from an early injury to tally 72 tackles. Berlin, like Goodwillie, was named to the second team all-Ivy League defense. "Last year coming in he was more of a finesse kid," Toop said of the 6-2, 235-pound Berlin. "He became more of a physical player after the injury." "Our defense is designed pretty much for the inside linebackers to make the tackles," Goodwillie said. "Usually we should have an inside linebacker being the leading tackler on this team. With Andy healthy we should split the difference." While Goodwillie and Berlin are the strength of the defense, the weakness is the secondary at least in terms of experience. Senior strong safety Jim Magallanes is the only returning starter. Junior James Daniels, who returned an interception 91 yards for a touchdown against Columbia in limited action as a nickel back last year, will start the season at right cornerback. Sophomore Sheldon Philip-Guide, who performed as a kick returner, punt returner and kicker for last season's freshman squad will start at free safety. Sophomore Kevin Allen rounds out the secondary at left cornerback. For the secondary not to get burned early and often this season, especially tomorrow against Jay Fiedler and Dartmouth, Magallanes will have to help the young cornerbacks. "Mags has to make sure those kids don't get their heads down and are ready to play the next play," Toop said. The biggest help to the young secondary would be a consistent pass rush. As a unit Penn notched 41 sacks last year. Yet Berlin says there is pressure on the secondary regardless of how much pressure the front seven puts on the quarterback. "The defensive backs are going to have to do their jobs no matter what," Berlin said. Last year's defense allowed opponents a paltry 145.3 yards per game in the air. Graduating from that defense were Maceo Grant, Tom Gibbs and Michael Turner. Toop will likely shuttle a lot of players into the game to keep the front seven from wearing out. Juniors Woody Paik and J.C. Lee both started games last year, and should see time at defensive tackle. Junior Kevin DeLuca should add depth at defensive end. In the secondary, junior Corbin Rheault and senior Jerel Hopkins both saw limited action last season. Depth could be a problem in the opener against Dartmouth because coach Bagnoli is not allowed to play his freshmen. But the Quakers are a universe away from last year in terms of being prepared for Dartmouth. "Last year we were trying to get the kids to line up right half the time," Toop said of the Quakers 36-17 loss in Hanover. "We weren't where we wanted to be from a preparation standpoint. Now the kids know the defense, and it will be a matter of executing the defense." "At the end of last year [the defense was] looking to shut people out," Toop said. "Every Saturday I will tell the defensive kids that the first goal is no points and the second goal is turnovers." While Toop says the defense is not yet where he would like to see it in terms of size, he does like the attitude. "We'd like bigger frames," Toop said. "I was with [Bagnoli] at Union for a couple of years and we had 6-4 or 6-5 kids at defensive tackle – but by the same token we also had kids like Chris Johnson."


Football Supplement: Betten leads defense by example

(11/08/93 10:00am)

Twelve years ago David Betten thought he was embarking on a prestigious career in flag football. Little did the undersized kid from Satellite Beach, Fla., know that a dozen years later he would become the captain of the No. 6 ranked defense in I-AA football. "I thought I was signing up for a flag football league back in fourth grade," Betten said. "As it turned out it was a full-contact league. I don't remember too much about it except that everybody else was bigger than I was and I got knocked around a whole lot." Well, some things never change. Betten still isn't huge – 6-1, 205 pounds – at least as far as defensive ends go, but now he doesn't get knocked around much. In fact, it is he who does most of the knocking. Interestingly, through high school Betten never got overly excited about his football potential – until the letters from interested college coaches started coming. At that point he realized he could use football as an opportunity to get an Ivy League education. So with the instincts of any good defensive end, he jumped at the chance as if it were an opposing quarterback. Betten himself could never have guessed that a good part of his Ivy League education would come from the gridiron. In three–plus seasons with the Quaker squad, the defensive captain has, in the words of coach Al Bagnoli, "grown in every capacity. He's grown physically, and he's grown as a leader. He's one of those real solid kids that you need if you're going to win games." And if you don't want to take the coach's word, just look at the numbers Betten put up last season. He was second on the Quakers in sacks (9) and third in tackles (82). The statistics were impressive enough to earn him all-Ivy second team honors and an invitation to Tokyo, Japan to compete in the Ivy Epson Bowl, a honor he had to turn down in order to come back this year. The Epson Bowl is only for players in their last year of eligibility. "He gave up a lot to come back," Bagnoli remarked. "He had a chance to play in Tokyo last year, but he had an extra year [of eligibility] and decided to take it. I thought that decision spoke a lot about his character." Even Betten struggled a bit with his decision not to go to Tokyo – although his heart was still with the team. "It was hard because I would have liked to have gone to Japan with my good friend and fellow senior Tom Gibbs," he said. "But I had already made up my mind to stay." The extra year of eligibility Bagnoli mentioned came from a quadricep injury Betten suffered during his sophomore year. The injury sidelined him for about five weeks. But as far as Betten was concerned it was worth it. "It really hurt at the time," he recalled. "But as it turns out it was really good fortune because I was eligible to stick around for another year of maybe winning a few games." "When I came here as a recruit, the team had won six of the last seven titles," Betten said. "So I had expected to come away with one or two rings. But my first varsity season the team went 3-7 and then we dropped to 2-8. That was a real frustrating time. If we end up winning the Ivy Championship this year, it'll be for all the teams in the past three years that never won one." Even Betten's teammates recognize and respect the urgency of the captain's desire for a championship ring. In fact, it was one of the reasons they voted him to the position. "I think it was pretty unanimous when we picked captains," junior defensive end Michael "Pup" Turner said. "Everyone knew Dave was the guy we wanted on defense. He's been around and he's seen the good times and the bad times. He knows how to handle both. Hopefully he'll lead us to a championship." And although Betten insists that being named the defensive captain is no additional pressure – thanks to the presence of seniors Andy Betten and Jim Magallanes on the defense – he does not take the responsibility lightly. "I've had to push myself and get myself to say more on the field," admitted the relatively soft-spoken Betten. "Before, if someone needed a kick in the ass, I'd say something to them after practice, as far as 'come on, lets get going.' Now in practice I actually, physically kick them in the ass and yell at them. I can't take that back-seat role any longer. I have to get up and yell at them and get in their faces." And if Betten does have something to say, it's usually on the money. "David is very bright and very stable," Bagnoli said. "When you get a kid that has those qualities and is game tested, he's going to be almost like another coach on the field. He can take some kids and correct them. Defensive end is tough to coach because there's one on each side of the field. Sometimes you don't catch what the back side is doing. Or if you watch the back side then you might not catch what the front side is doing. So in that capacity he has been very helpful to us." Judging from the respect he has earned from both players and coaches alike, it is safe to say that if Betten walks away after this season without ever earning the coveted piece of jewelry that many consider the mark of a champion – it will still be difficult to consider him anything but a winner. In that capacity he has realized that when he trots off the field after the final game of this season he will have been a part of something much greater than himself – a team. "It's a team thing, it's not necessarily football," Betten said. "It's more about athletics and being part of a group – that'll be what I'll miss the most – the camaraderie that goes along with being on a team. As far as work goes you can never get everybody on the same page for one goal as you can on a team, especially at this level."


EDITORIAL: Membership Has Its Privileges

(10/29/93 9:00am)

In a move which hardlyIn a move which hardlystrengthens the community,In a move which hardlystrengthens the community,a new class being taughtIn a move which hardlystrengthens the community,a new class being taughtin a fraternity house willIn a move which hardlystrengthens the community,a new class being taughtin a fraternity house willset aside spots for its members.In a move which hardlystrengthens the community,a new class being taughtin a fraternity house willset aside spots for its members.__________________________________ Taught by noted Law School professor Frank Goodman, Political Science 198 "Free Speech, Free Press: The Supreme Court and the First Amendment" promises to be a scholarly examination of a hot topic on campus and in the country. It also promises to be the only class conducted in a room that at night is more accustomed to spilled beer and dancing. In a move to "bring the learning experience into the student living room environment," Goodman's class will be taught in the Sigma Alpha Mu house. Of the many reasons for such a move, College Dean Matthew Santirocco said that holding class in a fraternity would help realize the goal of "One University." Presumably, Santirocco was transferring the College's experience with classes that are held in dormitories such as the Classical Studies course that Santirocco holds in the Quad. As is done in these dorm classes, several spots in the 15-person seminar will be set aside for SAM brothers. Yet this is where the difference begins and Santirocco's vision for fostering "One University" ends. So unlike a course which reserves spots for such heterogeneous groupings as majors, BFS students, or residents of a dorm, the SAM class will from the get-go be drawing the bulk of its students from an elite, self-selecting pool. Intrinsically, the class will hardly include anything bordering a representative cross-section of the undergraduate population. It will rob students of the few acres of common ground which we still have. Classes are guaranteed opportunities for people of all backgrounds and ideologies to interact. In particular, seminars such as the one at the SAM house almost require this diversity. Without it, there is no fuel to feed an intellectual fire. If the University is truly committed to strengthening the community, then it must stop fraternity-based classes with set-asides for its members. This only divides the community further by sectioning off students in the classroom – a place where division definitely shouldn't be.


SECOND DEGREE: Hidden Asset

(10/06/93 9:00am)

Often overlooked, the School of Social Work is at the forefront of training students to deal with society's problems. But there is a small building on the Walk which often goes unnoticed, or at most remains a curiosity to passers-by. Students might bump into this red brick building if they get lost leaving neighboring Stiteler Hall. The School of Social Work, however, houses approximately 300 University students who have decided to dedicate their professional lives to counseling, aiding, serving and empowering others. Of the University's 12 graduate and professional schools, the School of Social Work is perhaps the least well known by students and, according to some Social Work students, the least recognized by the administration. According to Bruce Weiss, a member of the Social Work School's Student Council, there is a story, probably apocryphal, that former President Sheldon Hackney was asked about the Social Work School's location last year. "We have a school of social work?" Hackney is rumored to have responded. Although much of the University community doesn't take note of the school, its students are on the frontlines of some of Philadelphia's most intense and challenging social problems. The school's approach to education is unique from other schools of social work. Reinforcing in students the prevalence of racism and prejudice in almost every aspect of modern society, the program of study emphasizes social change as an active and functional role in the study of social work. So much so, in fact, that master's degree candidates are in the city more than they're in the classroom. But while the master's program requires students to spend just two days a week in class, they must devote an additional three days in a field placement internship with an agency that provides social care. The first year's course of study concentrates on building up a foundation of courses dealing with issues of social work practice, social policy, human growth and development, research and institutional racism. During their second year, students must choose to specialize in either family or health, linking the previous year's groundwork to other electives and their field placement program. Orneice Leslie, the assistant dean and director of admissions for the school, accounts for the school's social change philosophy partly as a function of the University's location in the city. "We're on the cutting edge of human suffering and human misery," she said. And while many schools of social work may emphasize a more therapeutic role for the social work professional, "At Penn," Leslie says, "we say you get out there and help. You go to the client." An issue key to life as a professional student of social work is resolving the dichotomy between working to change the social conditions around campus while working within the social structures on campus. In a field where empowering clients is the central mission, addressing issues of empowerment within the school and at the University becomes a key concern among students. "We're out in the trenches," said Nate Prentiss, who is in the second year of the master's program and the first year of the Ph.D. program. "It would be nice to get a little more recognition." Many students feel strongly about the perceived distance between the school and the rest of University, and even other professions at large. Social Work graduate student David Wohlsifer said he feels students are very alienated. "Social workers are treated like less than professionals, and it's wrong," he said. "People don't recognize our value and our usefulness." It is easy to peer into the lobbies of Steinberg-Dietrich and the School of Social Work and note the obvious differences, but those differences are felt by social work students nonetheless. "We're paying as much money as everyone else, and we don't know where the money goes," said Social Work Student Council member Leslie Lipson. "It's frustrating." Social Work graduate student Tricia Bent said she also feels a certain financial neglect. "They need to make a firm commitment to financially support us – everybody who wants to needs to be able to serve," Bent said. "The University needs to take a close look at us." One of the Student Council's main missions is to develop and expand the roles of inclusiveness of those already at the school. From a practical standpoint, social workers need to be prepared for any type of client from any kind of background, and be prepared to table whatever prejudices they bring with them. Since diversity is found everywhere within the profession, students must be able to cope with the different situations they will undoubtedly face over their careers. "It's not enough to be bright and kind," said Lipson. "When you work with the different aspects of the environment, there are so many components – you need the ability to wear a lot of different hats." Prentiss said dealing with prejudice is an aspect of the profession no one can escape. "Everyone has some degree of racism and sexism, and coming to terms with that is difficult," Prentiss said. "You can't do much good if you're a racist." The school, with little more than 300 students, has a surprisingly diverse student groups for its size. Whether Latino, feminist, Jewish, black, Asian or gay, many student groups are part of nationally-recognized organizations and are attempting to address issues of racism, sexism and homophobia – issues pertinent to their professional lives as well as their academic lives at the University. "Penn is very political, and I'm lucky that I'm here to see all the pluses and minuses," said Bent, who is president of the school's chapter of the National Association of Black Social Workers. Bent also cited a need to diversify the faculty. "I'd like to see more African-American full-time faculty members," she said. Many social work students see opportunities for change within the school as well as the chance for that change to spread into the University as a whole. "It's a microcosm of the University," Bent said. "The school can change." A few weeks ago students staged a protest at the school in which they demanded to speak to Dean Ira Schwartz about the large class sizes which often leave people sitting on the floor. "Students want to make sure that they get heard," Weiss said of the protest. "Social work students definitely have the belief that we will be heard, even if we're told that we won't." Social work students are also interested in obtaining representation on the dean's five-year planning committee so they can have a voice in the future of the school. As the students have established more of a collective voice for themselves, they have also broken misconceptions of the profession as a whole. "The average person thinks of the social worker as just do-gooders and idealists," Associate Social Work Professor Louis Carter said. "They simply believe in social institutions and collectively know they have to act." Nor is the field dominated by women and gay men, another common stereotype. "Many of the assumptions attached to the field of social work just aren't true," Weiss said. Overcoming the various societal stigmas associated with the profession often requires students to examine their own values and sense of place in the society. Bent said she finds strength within, instead of relying on outside institutions. "As social workers, we can't be empowered by something else, by the school or University. It's a process you do on your own," she said. "If we can't do it for ourselves, then nobody can – the school helps with the fundamentals, but you have to take control of your own education." The factors which bring someone to make a career out of social work are as diverse as the students who attend the school. And while most students seem to have a common desire to get involved and help people "on the fringes," as Leslie puts it, they by no means see themselves getting locked into a dead-end job at the city welfare office. "As a profession, social work goes beyond the people who work in welfare offices," Bent said. In fact, politics, policy making, administration, legal and judicial issues all relate to a professional social worker's efforts in the field. "The problems are a lot larger than just what clients bring into a service agency," he said. "They're symbolic, and through research geared to those who effect policy changes, you can improve access for larger amounts of people." Many students agree that a degree in social work yields more professional flexibility than do some other programs of study. In addition, students said they perceive the profession as being in a state of change and improvement. "Social work is so broad-based – there are a billion things you can do with the degree," Prentiss said. "It's a growth field, and in the future it should be higher-paying," he added. Although social worker's salaries are improving, it is obvious that students haven't come to the profession for the money. The reported salaries of the 1991-92 master's level graduates ranged from $17,000 to $33,000, with an average of $28,402. "If they'd pay us by our value, they would have to pay us as much as doctors get," Leslie said. But that doesn't seem to phase any of the students. Their satisfaction stems from making a career out of helping others. "It's not like Wharton," Prentiss said. "The major rewards have to do with values. There's a whole side of America that people don't see, or don't let themselves see and we see it everyday – those are the people we serve."


GUEST COLUMN: "The Other Water Buffalo"

(09/09/93 9:00am)

"Oh no," you say, "not another water buffalo column!" Yes, you've heard it again and again, mentioned in everything from The New York Times to Rolling Stone to The New Republic. One Jewish freshman in the High Rises (whatshisname?) screamed out of his window at a group of African-American sorority members, and suddenly found himself in the middle of the most famous racial bias case since Rodney King. Quite a story: the problem is that it's only half true. What George Will, Rush Limbaugh and Gary Trudeau don't know is that there were many people who yelled out of their High Rise East windows at approximately 11:45 on the night of January 13, 1993. At least a dozen people were accused of screaming epithets that night, and some of them had complaints filed against them for racial harassment by the Judicial Inquiry Officer. The JIO formally investigated two of those accused. Eden Jacobowitz was one of those two. I was the other. My roommate Eden and I chose two very different methods of defense. When Eden went to the press in April, I asked him not to mention my name in any context. Feeling that I was on the verge of winning my case, I did not want the media attention that would no doubt greatly interfere with my finals and possibly my summer. While our respective defenses against the JIO were different, our motives for shouting out of the window were exactly the same. The Delta Sigma Theta sorority's founders' day ritual serenade began late at night, featured loud singing, intermittent screeches, and continued for almost an hour. Having lived with Eden for just over a semester at the time, I would have categorized him as a fairly conscientious person. I like to think that, for all of my faults, I am one too. Even the best of us, however, occasionally looses his temper. I will admit that yelling, "get your fat asses out of here," just moments after Eden uttered the now nationally famous water buffalo comment was not the right thing for me to do. Although the charges of racial harassment were eventually dropped, Eden and I were punished with months of bureaucratic abuse and the threat of a ruined education. Although we did yell out the window, the actions taken against us were wrong. The "water buffalo scandal" was the collective work of three entirely separate organizations whose attitudes and methods must change if the University wants to become the free thinking, just institution that it makes itself out to be. The University administration failed in any way to provide the impartiality that is expected of it. While well intended, the racial harassment code created more problems than it solved. Under the current code, one can be found guilty of racially harassing an offended party simply by saying something that is construed as racist, even if the actor did not know the race of the person(s) that they were offending. This was the nature of my case. The JIO also failed to provide impartiality. Instead, she caved in to outside pressures. The Assistant Judicial Inquiry Officer who heard my case admitted on several occasions that my situation was not occurring in a vacuum, and that it was subject to outside influences, such as minority interest groups. To allow parties not involved with the judical process a say in the finding is a mild form of fascism. It was only after Associate Vice Provost for University Life Larry Moneta heard about the situation and intervened on my behalf that the Assistant Judicial Inquiry Officer dropped the charges of racial harassment. Finally, the women of Delta Sigma Theta sorority mishandled what they perceived as racial hatred. While African-Americans have been and continue to be discriminated against in our society, the women's handling of the situation is an example of how certain paths toward equality are often misunderstood and badly executed. The most effective way to deal with a problem and "clear the air" between two people or groups of people is to sit down and, however painful it may seem, and talk it out. Despite the animosity developed between the sorority women and myself, I requested an informal meeting with the entire Delta Sigma Theta sorority on three occasions solely for that purpose both during the judicial process and after the charges of racial harassment against me were dropped. The first two were turned down. The last was not answered. Fortunately for every student at the University, changes are being made. The Racial Harassment Code is being re-evaluated and will in all probability be overhauled. Sheldon Hackney, chairman of the NEH, has been placed in a position where he can give more grants and do less harm. At the very least the JIO will be watched more carefully in the years to come, and hopefully, revisions to the judicial code are imminent. The problems of race on this campus and in this country cannot begin to improve unless all of the people in all of these groups talk out their differences. I hope that this encounter has not embittered the women of Delta Sigma Theta sorority towards relations with whites. If they will not talk to me now, I hope that sometime in the future we can put this all behind us, and talk. We all have a lot to learn. Christopher Pryor is a sophomore English major from New York, New York.


GUEST COLUMN: "Surrounded by Abundance"

(11/13/92 10:00am)

"A society shall be judged by the manner in which it deals with its most vulnerable people." -- Mother Teresa · November 16 to 21 is "Hunger and Homelessness Week" at the University. All members of the University community are invited to attend one or more of the events scheduled for this week in order to find out more about these twin problems, as well as efforts to cope with them both in West Philadelphia and in the larger world. Hunger is a grievous and difficult problem, but it is by no means unsolvable -- at least not in this affluent society. It has been estimated that $2.5 billion of targeted expenditures -- about one percent of our yearly national defense expenditures -- could end hunger in the United States. It is readily within our means to feed the hungry, but we have not done so. Similarly, homelessness is both a heart-wrenching and gnawing problem, but not an intractable one. For example, there are about 35,000 homeless people in Philadelphia. There are also some 35,000 abandoned -- but potentially viable -- buildings. The possibilities are evident. Some relatively poor Third World countries are doing better than we are concerning hunger, homelessness and health. In Chile, for instance, despite rampant poverty, people are assured they will have adequate health care and enough to eat in times of sickness. Can we do less? Can we allow our citizens to go hungry and homeless, while surrounded by abundance? Is it not affirmative of "family values" to provide food, a place to stay, and health care for adults and children? We privileged people take a lot for granted. How does anyone look for a job when he has no access to a telephone, and no place to do resum s? How does one avail himself of medical care, if he has no money for transportation to get it. David Lynn is the executive director of the University City Hospitality Coalition. A schedule of event for "Hunger and Homelessness Week" will be published next week in The Daily Pennsylvanian.


LETTER: Old Stereotypes

(11/11/92 10:00am)

To the Editor: The speeches were obviously composed, based on the stereotypical image of the fraternity member who is only interested in drinking, drugs, and sex. It is, therefore, no wonder that the pledges responded as they did -- that is, the way in which they were expected to respond -- with "hooting and howling." I would hope that University administrators -- not to mention the University community, in general -- change their attitudes towards the Greek system in the future. Perhaps viewing and treating fraternity members as mature, responsible young men will encourage them to behave as such. At the very least, administrators will be able to absolve themselves of blame in any cases which may link fraternity members to sexual harassment, once they stop contributing to the problem by reinforcing old stereotypes. There are some people on this campus who do not subscribe to the notion that fun is defined as "getting drunk and getting laid." I am one of them. And the administration may be surprised -- read: shocked out of their minds -- to find there are a lot of us out there. I wish the administration would stop putting their "Sex Education Seminars" and "A.I.D.S. Awareness Weeks" together with the following mind set: "Yes, abstinence is actually the safest -- read: foolproof -- option, but since you horny little critters have no common sense or self control whatsoever here, have a condom!" Frankly, I find this mentality insulting. Give us the respect we deserve by at least mentioning it as an option -- and a positive one, at that?even for guys. Please don't throw that old double standard back in our faces! CORINE TAKIGUCHI Wharton '94


COLUMN: "Cool and Commercial-Free"

(11/06/92 10:00am)

From Ericka Guthrie's "The Fire This Time," Fall '92 As I was weaving my way between the ghosts and the goblins, I overheard two girls behind me comment on how few black students there were to accompany the children as they made their rounds. This is not the first time I have heard this type of statement, nor do I expect it will be the last. Despite what those two girls think, the future of the children of West Philly is a priority for the black community at Penn. Although the black organizations who sponsor these programs may not be as visible to the rest of the Penn community, they are indeed an active and productive force. As with everything else, though, community service at Penn has also become commercial. Not in all cases, but in some. Perhaps it is a good thing that community service has become "cool." Just think of the implications of a society where not trying to help out your community would be considered a crime, a display of poor social skills, a faux pas. I, for one, would not protest a society where community service was mandatory, so long as it was still done for the right reasons. But if community service becomes too commercialized, it will not be able to fulfill its purpose: to serve the community. It is a sad fact that a good number of Penn students have yet to realize this point. If the interest is not genuine, then the action will not be effective. Some people will argue that it does not matter why you serve, as long as you do. But it is on this point that I do not agree. If your heart and mind are not into it, then you are really of no service to the community. You could just stay home. Volunteering is not just a r sum builder, it involves human beings. And while your weekly tutoring session with a West Philly high school student may just be a way for you add to the "extracurricular" section of your portfolio, for the people you are helping, it is something far more important than just a gesture. Positive Images, a mentoring/tutoring program here at Penn, is a prime example of a group that is very successful, but is, to some degree, low key. Unlike many organizations on campus, Positive Images does not receive funding from the University. Not only is it a student-run mentoring program, but both the mentors and the mentees are black. While some may say that this component will not help the students of West Philly High, or Sulzberger Junior High, the members of Positive Images believe that it will. The whole concept behind Positive Images is that it allows high school and middle school students in the program to see that they can achieve the goals they set for themselves. It is a chance for them to accomplish anything they want in life, such as going to college. It is also a chance for the students to interact with people who are also in the process of attaining their goals. This is done through tutoring and academic assistance, and other programs in the schools. This message of higher education rings true for these students, because the people who are delivering this message are black students themselves. The Youth Forum, which is headed by Sabrina Philson-Skalski, a College junior, is one example of how the members of Positive Images try to let the students of West Philly see that their opinions are just as important as anybody else's. Sabrina stresses that the reason Positive Images is so successful is that when she or any of the other students goes up to the high school, she does not go to talk down to them -- she goes as a friend, as their peer. Each week, the facilitators of the forum present a topic to the students which is of particular interest to them. When the students get together, they not only are able to vent their anger and frustrations on a topic, but they can go a step further and organize their ideas. It is a means of getting them together, so that they can make a difference. While taking a mentee to a basketball game or to the movies would be nice, it really doesn't help the students to deal with the problems they face every day. And it does not get them to help themselves. Brian Peterson, an Engineering senior, and Sabrina's Co-Chair of Positive Images, has been involved in the program since his freshman year. He believes it is important to not only talk to the students, but to listen to what they have to say. "Oftentimes, no one is there to listen to the students, whether it be at home or at school," he said. "The Youth Forum is a chance for the students to be heard by the Penn students who facilitate the forums." "But perhaps more importantly, it is a way for them to listen to each other," he added. While the membership of Positive Images is not as large as many of the mainstream service organizations on campus, it is apparent that there is far more strength in a small group of determined and genuinely motivated people. As Brian explained, "The difference between Positive Images and some of the other mainstream community service groups is that we're not a community service group, we are the community." Perhaps it is this attitude that can help all of us. Ericka Guthrie is a College sophomore from Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. "The Fire This Time" appears alternate Fridays.